StMU Research Scholars

Featuring Scholarly Research, Writing, and Media at St. Mary’s University

November 12, 2019

A Forgotten Finals: Bill Russell, and the 1966 NBA Finals

In any sport, there are rivalries where you cannot have one without the other, and one of the greatest rivalries in sports history is the Celtics vs the Lakers, especially in the 1960s. The two teams had met in The Finals four times in the five years from 1961 to 1966. They were regarded as heavy favorites in their respective divisions. A good recent comparison would be the Warriors and the Cavaliers from 2015 to 2018. They had powerhouse players on both sides, the most prominent of whom were Bill Russell from the Celtics and Jerry West from the Lakers. Even though Bill Russell was a guaranteed Hall of Famer, people had doubts about his team even making The Finals in 1966, let alone win it. People were starting to notice that the Celtics were aging.1

It was the year 1966. The NBA was a different landscape then than it is now, only having ten teams. This allowed teams to play as much as ten times in the course of one season. One team that the Celtics faced was the Philadelphia 76ers with their superstar and future Hall of Famer Wilt Chamberlain leading the charge. The public thought that this would be the year that Bill Russell’s Celtics would be dethroned, and for a moment they seemed correct. The 76ers had a great year, finishing 55-25 and winning the Eastern Division. This was the first time in nine years that the Celtics would have to play the first round of the playoffs.2

Boston Celtics won their 3rd NBA Title, 1960 | Courtesy of Wikimedia commons

This was an unfamiliar territory for Bill Russell and the Celtics. For years they were the dominant force in the NBA. Suddenly, they had to win a first-round playoff series against the Royals. The Royals were not much trouble for the Celtics; they won in five games.3 Then came the battle with the Philadelphia 76er’s. The Celtics, despite having Bill Russell, was a heavy underdog. Being the underdog did not settle well with Russell; he had his eye set on destroying the 76ers and establishing his dominance. When Game 1 arrived, the Celtics wanted to set the tone for the series and have the 76ers play on their back foot for the rest of the series. And that is exactly what they did. They ended up winning Game 1 with a score of 115-96. With the momentum on their side, they went into game two confident, and it showed. The Celtics won Game 2 114-93. According to the Philadelphia Inquirer, Bill Russell played “superlative ball.”4 At this point, everyone discovered that the Celtics’ age was an advantage, since they had so much more experience and skill than a younger team like the 76ers had. Nevertheless, the 76ers regrouped and won Game 3, but it proved to be too late since the Celtics ended up winning the next two games. Wilt Chamberlain went for 46 points and 34 rebounds, but it was not enough to beat Bill Russell and the Celtics. The Philadelphia Inquirer stated that the difference was Bill provided leadership to the Celtics, which is something the 76ers needed.5

Yet again, the Celtics found themselves in the finals. Bill Russell had a chance to add to his illustrious career. People would think that Russell, given the fact that he has been to the finals for most of his career, would be unphased by it; but the truth is the opposite. Russell, before a big game, would throw up, but for an odd reason, it was welcomed by everyone. Coach Auerbach saw it as a good luck charm, since they would always win the championship when this occurred. He would even at some point not let the players go out until Russell had thrown up. John Havelicek stated that it was a welcomed sight, since it meant “were going to be alright tonight,” showing how superstitious the team was.6

Bill Russell sitting on the bench next to head coach Red Auerbuch, taken by Jack O’Connell on 26 December 1956 | Courtesy of Wikimedia commons

Russell and the Celtics were facing a familiar foe; the Lakers. This time the Celtics were the ones expected to win, because of their dominating performance against the 76ers. Nevertheless, Russell knew that it was not going to be easy, since the Lakers had Jerry West, who was the logo of the NBA. He was an incredible offensive powerhouse; he would not dunk over you, but he would make insane shots. As Game 1 of the Finals approached, Russell had all the pressure on his shoulders. This series was supposed to go to five games at the most, and anything above that would lead to heavy criticism on Russell.7

Finally, the highly anticipated Game 1 of the 1966 NBA Finals got underway. It was a spectacle. There was so much scoring in the game, that you could tell that the Lakers wanted this win in order to set the tone and prove the public wrong. It was a battle to the end, with both teams giving their all. But to everyone’s surprise, the Lakers took Game 1. The score was Lakers on top 133-129. The Celtics were in shambles, especially Russell. The head coach, acknowledging this, decided to pull out a trump card to reinvigorate the Celtics. At the start of the season, Coach Auerbach announced that this season would be his last. This challenged the Celtics to send him off with another championship; but after Game 1, that fire was gone. So he decided to announce after Game 1 that Russell would replace him as the first black head coach in professional sports.8 This was a huge shock for Russell. He had been the leader on the court for years, but he never imagined he would be the head coach. This new responsibility made Russell feel as if he needed to lead his team to the championship to prove that he was fit to be the head coach.

Game 2 arrived, and the revamped Celtics were there to make a statement. From the start, Russell wanted to dominant and his energy inspired his teammates to do the same. This game was never close. The Celtics dominated the whole game. The final score was Celtics on top 129-109. It was over before it even started. Russell led the team in rebounding with 24 rebounds. With this dominating performance, Russell proved that he can lead his team, and with the newfound momentum he led the team to win Game 3 and Game 4. Despite the incredible effort by Jerry West with his 41 points in Game 4, the Lakers found themselves in a 3-1 deficit. At this point, no team has ever forced a Game 7 from a 3-1 deficit, let alone force and win Game 7.9

Russell and the Celtics were so close, just a game away, from lifting the trophy. Russell knew better than to rule the Lakers out, since with a player like West you are never out of a series. When Game 5 arrived, the Lakers played their hearts out, but the Celtics were not going to make it easy. It was a close affair, but in the end, the Lakers got the win with a score of 121-117. Russell was not happy. He knew that the Lakers had regained the momentum, and even though Russell scored 28 points and retrieved 32 rebounds, he still felt like he could have done more.10 When Game 6 arrived in Los Angeles, Russell only had the trophy on his mind and he wouldn’t stop until he got it. But first, he would have to defeat a constantly evolving Lakers team led by Jerry West. As soon as the whistle blew, Russell was on the ball and ready to win the game. But the Lakers were fighting for their playoff-lives as well. Through a contested first half, the Lakers were leading by 68-58. Much like the previous game, the Celtics felt that they were losing control, and after halftime, with Coach Auerbach yelling at the top of his lungs, the Celtics came out on fire. They outscored the Lakers by 11 points in the third quarter, which gave them a 1 point lead. The Lakers felt that their playoffs was coming to an end, so they gave everything they had in the fourth quarter. Led by Jerry West, the Lakers outscored the Celtics by 9 points, which ended the game with the Lakers on top 123 to 115.

Bill Russel Dribbling during his first few years with the franchise, circa 1960 | Courtesy of Wikimedia commons

The Lakers were the first team to force a Game 7, being down 3-1, and nobody suspected it, especially Russell. Even though he had another great performance, picking up 22 points and 23 rebounds, it proved to be not enough for the Celtics to beat the Lakers. He was simply in disbelief.11 Throughout Russell’s career, he never experienced anything remotely similar to this. A series that was supposed to end in five games had now turned into seven. He also had the looming thought of being the new head coach the next year. Overall, the Finals were taking a toll on him and with Game 7 fast approaching, he had no time to sit and regroup.

Finally, Game 7 had arrived. The stage was set in Boston, and all eyes were on Bill Russell to see if he could lead his team when they need him most. The whistle blew and the game for the world title began. This time the Celtics had a rage in them that fueled them to play aggressive, and it showed. The Celtics were on their home turf, and they were not going to get embarrassed like they had in the past. When the first half ended, the Celtics were dominating with a lead of 53 to 38. The Lakers did not know what hit them, but everyone knew that they had one more half remaining, and all they had to do was hold the Lakers off. When the 3rd quarter started, the Lakers were locked in, but so were the Celtics. That quarter ended with the Celtics leading 76 to 60. With a lead that big, it would take a miracle for the Lakers to come back, and that miracle was in having Jerry West. The 4th quarter was dominated by West, as he led the Lakers closer and closer to the Celtics. But Russell was not having it. With 40 seconds left, Bill Russell made a slam dunk to increase their lead to 10 points. The Lakers were not giving up, especially Jerry West, who stormed up the court to hit a quick 2. And a few seconds later, when the Celtics were passing it in, he stole the ball and made another shot, which cut the lead to 6 with 25 seconds left. The Lakers were far from done. When the Celtics passed it into Casey Jones, he ended up committing a foul that gave the Lakers the ball back again, which led to another 2 points. Then the lead was cut down to 4 points, with around 15 seconds to go. The pass in led to another turnover, which gave the Lakers a ball that allowed them to scored another 2 points. The once loud arena was in shock as they watched the next throw-in anxiously. This time the Celtics played it smart and ran away from the Lakers defenders effectively draining the clock to 0 seconds.12

The crowd which was silenced by the amazing effort by the Lakers exploded out into cheers, and some ran onto the court to celebrate with the Players. For Russell, this was a huge moment because he proved to himself that he could lead his team and be a great head coach. Unfortunately, the finals MVP trophy was not established at that time, but it is widely recognized that if it had been, the trophy would have gone to Russell.

  1. Murry R. Nelson, Bill Russell: A Biography (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005), 78.
  2. Murry R. Nelson, Bill Russell: A Biography (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005), 77.
  3. Murry R. Nelson, Bill Russell: A Biography (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005), 77.
  4. Murry R. Nelson,Bill Russell: A Biography  (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005), 77.
  5. Murry R. Nelson, Bill Russell: A Biography (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005), 78.
  6. Murry R. Nelson, Bill Russell: A Biography (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005), 78.
  7. Murry R. Nelson, Bill Russell: A Biography (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005), 78.
  8. Bill Simmons, The Book of Basketball (Ballantine/ESPN Books, 2010), 100.
  9. Murry R. Nelson, Bill Russell: A Biography (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005), 78.
  10. Murry R. Nelson, Bill Russell: A Biography (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005), 78.
  11. Murry R. Nelson,Bill Russell: A Biography (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005), 78.
  12. “1966 NBA Finals G7 final 30 seconds,” video file, 1:51, Youtube, posted by, Wilt Chamberlain Archive, March 19, 2016,

Tags from the story

1966 NBA Finals

Bill Russell


Jerry West


Recent Comments

Amanuel Shiferaw

So good! Very thoughtful analysis!!



10:09 am

Nicholas Hatch

Being a very big fan of the NBA, the Celtics and Lakers rivalry will always be one of the most known. Bill Russell was a big part of this rivalry due to how dominant he was in the league at the moment. Now we know the league and way the game was played was way different than it is now but we do know that Bill was virtually unstoppable. Overall very great article, I liked the way you described the game 7 of the 1966 NBA finals all the way to the final buzzer



10:09 am

Tyler Caron

Bill Russell is one of the greatest players to ever play the game of basketball. He led his team to a NBA Championship. Bill Russell played for the Boston Celtics and is a hall of famer. He led his team against the Los Angles Lakers and took a 3-1 lead against them in the Championship. Boston won and Bill would’ve won the MVP but at the time that award did not exist.



10:09 am

Emmanuel Ewuzie

I’ve known of Bill Russell my entire life. When I was a kid, I watched his documentary on NBA TV. His contributions to the game of basketball were enormous. He is an all time great and will never be forgotten. The 11 championships he won was just insane and will most certainly never be done again. Seeing him give the NBA Finals MVP trophy every year is a delight.



10:09 am

Raul Vallejo

Ver well written article that can attract any audience, not just people who enjoy basketball. I always knew about Bill Russell and his amazing championship runs with 11 championship rings, but I always had believed that he got them quite easily. After reading this I can say that my new informed decision is that he really did have to work hard and it was earned, not given.



10:09 am

Cassandra Sanchez

Bill Russell is a very inspiring player as he proved himself to be a great leader with both his heart and his determination. The NBA Finals are always exciting to watch, and it must have been incredible to watch this team come back and win. I found it interesting how superstitious the team was waiting for Russell to throw up and then they would feel more confident about the game.



10:09 am

Pablo Ruiz

I really enjoyed this article in describing the 1996 NBA finals. Usually when a team goes 3-1 up in a series you do not think there will be a game 7. The Celtics and the Lakers rivalry only made this series so much more interesting. In addition Bill Russel emerging as one of the most dominant players in the league added a lot of pressure on him and the Celtics.



10:09 am

Angely Noriega Baron

Good job on your article! I enjoyed reading about how even though Bill Russell was a guaranteed Hall of Famer, people had doubts about his team even making The Finals in 1966. I didn’t know much about Bill besides him being known for his defense and ability to block shots. After reading your article, I can say that I am more informed about him and in the game in general because from what I can tell it was played very different.



10:09 am

1 2

Leave a Reply