StMU Research Scholars

Featuring Scholarly Research, Writing, and Media at St. Mary's University
December 3, 2018

How Well Do You Know Your Neighbors? Ariel Castro’s Kidnappings

Imagine being chained to the wall of a dirty room that wasn’t your own, being mentally tormented by a man who is widely considered to be a positive influence in the community. Imagine being impregnated by your captor, then giving birth in a kiddie-pool in the basement of the house that has become your worst nightmare. Three young women were held captive by Ariel Castro, a local school bus driver and band bassist, for over ten years.1

Ariel Castro’s house of horrors where he held captive the three young women. | Courtesy of

Michelle Knight, Amanda Berry, and Georgina DeJesus were the three strong and inspiring young women that survived this nightmare. In Cleveland, Ohio, Ariel Castro captured his first victim, Michelle Knight, as she was walking home from her cousin’s home in 2002. He held her in his basement to torment and rape her, which allowed him to develop power over her. Castro then moved her upstairs in his home, where the abuses continued. Some of the early abuse that Knight endured ended in pregnancies, but Castro would beat her until she miscarried.2

The second victim, Amanda Berry, was last seen by her co-workers at Burger King the day before her seventeenth birthday in 2003. On her way home from work, she accepted a ride home from community member, Ariel Castro. However, the ultimate destination was not what she had expected. Within the time Castro held Berry captive, he impregnated her. She gave birth to her daughter, Jocelyn, in the basement of Castro’s home in a kiddie-pool with the assistance of Knight. Castro had threatened Michelle Knight’s life, insisting that if the baby didn’t survive, neither would she. So when Berry’s daughter wasn’t breathing at birth, Knight successfully performed CPR on the infant, saving her life.3

Georgina DeJesus was a friend of Castro’s daughter, a fact he used to lure her into his car. In 2004, DeJesus was walking home from school when Castro approached her and offered her a ride home. The fourteen-year-old girl recognized him and accepted the offer, little did she know that she wouldn’t be returning to her home for another nine years. The three women only had each other from 2002 until they were rescued in 2013.4

The women who Castro held captive for over ten years; Amanda Berry, Gina DeJesus, and Michelle Knight. | Courtesy of Fox News Insider

Each woman’s nightmare began similarly as Castro had a system of abuse that he used to overpower them. This system made them fear him so much that they wouldn’t fight back or attempt to escape. One of the tactics Castro used to prevent his victim’s from escaping was that he intentionally left their doors unlocked, and then he patiently waited by the front door for them. When Castro discovered that one of them trying to escape, he violently beat them, using it as an example to the other captives as to what would happen if they chose to flee.5

Castro successfully hid his monstrosities from the community he lived in for the eleven years he held the women captive. His friends and family noticed that he didn’t have people over often, but that wasn’t abnormal for Castro. After his wife divorced him, Castro spent most of his time outside of his home, attending local concerts with bands as the bassist, and even attending searches and vigils for the women he held captive in his own home. The community had no reason to suspect that he had anything to do with the women’s disappearances. Roughly two weeks before the rescue of the women, Castro had an individual over because he was interested in purchasing their bass guitar. The man said he had no idea that there was anyone in the home other than Castro, hearing only a sound like a dog upstairs.6

Amanda Berry with daughter, Jocelyn, and her sister, Beth. | Courtesy of Daily Express

The community will never forget the day Castro made a simple mistake. On May 6, 2013, Castro left a door unlocked. The women upstairs, contemplating whether it was another one of Castro’s wicked tricks or an honest mistake, remained in their rooms. Eventually, however, Amanda Berry built up the courage to try to escape. When she discovered that it was a mistake on Castro’s end, she and her daughter headed for the door. It was the middle of the day when Berry had opened the front door and started yelling for help, her daughter at her side. Castro’s neighbors noticed the strange scene and immediately came to Berry’s aid.7

The screen door was locked from the outside so the neighbor’s kicked in a corner to free Berry and her daughter, Jocelyn. Berry then immediately called the police to get the other girls rescued from their real life nightmare. Upon the girls’ escape, the neighborhood was stunned. Throughout those eleven years, none of Castro’s surrounding neighbors had any indication or idea that three women were being held captive just a few yards away.8

Nobody knew what to think. The community felt like they had failed these three women. Ultimately, Ariel Castro plead guilty to 937 counts of kidnapping, rape, and aggravated assault. He was sentenced to life plus 1,000 years in prison without the possibility of parole. After a month in prison Castro hung himself with his bed sheets in his cell. While kidnapping is a horrific crime, it is not uncommon in the United States. In 1999, it was estimated that 11.4 children per 1,000 in the United States are reported missing. So, how well do you know your neighbors?9

  1. Phillip J. Resnick M.D. and George W. Schmedlen Ph.D., “Competency Report,” Court Psychiatric Clinic, (2013); 2-3.
  2. Editors, “Ariel Castro Biography”, The Website, (2014)
  3. Corky Siemaszko, “Michelle Knight still recovering five years after being freed from Ariel Castro,” ABC News, (2018),
  4. Melanie Eversley and Doug Stranglin, “Autopsy: Ariel Castro hanged himself in prison cell,” USA Today, (2013),
  5. Editors, “Ariel Castro Biography”, The Website, (2014)
  6. Corky Siemaszko, “Michelle Knight still recovering five years after being freed from Ariel Castro,” ABC News, (2018),
  7. Melanie Eversley and Doug Stranglin, “Autopsy: Ariel Castro hanged himself in prison cell,” USA Today, (2013),
  8. Corky Siemaszko, “Michelle Knight still recovering five years after being freed from Ariel Castro,” ABC News, (2018),
  9. Andrea Sedlak, David Finkelhor, Heather Hammer, and Dana Schultz, “National Estimates of Missing Children: An Overview,” NISMART, (2002): 5-10.

Alexandra Rodriguez

Criminal Justice Major with a passion to write. St. Mary's University class of 2022.

Author Portfolio Page

Recent Comments


  • Kiana Contreras

    Going through this article made me remember that there’s a movie about this case! I was really young when I watched it so I don’t think it was that serious. But now that I’m reading this, learning that it was over 10 years since these poor girls were taken advantage of makes me upset. Not only being taken advantage of but as well being stripped from their liberty, their life, and their families is upsetting. Although it was a positive ending it will come with a lot of trauma. Great informative article!

  • Kimberly Rubio

    I can’t imagine what these girls lived through. I imagine the return to life after they escaped was also difficult. I am glad the neighbor, who heard Amanda screaming, decided to take action. How often have we heard stories about people ignoring cries for help? I wonder how the victims feel about Castro’s suicide. Are they glad he is no longer on earth, or are they upset that he did not pay (serve a significant time in prison) for his actions?

  • Mohammed Hani Shaik

    Shocked by the events relayed in this article. To think that a man kept three unknown women captive at his house for years together without people noticing is quite frightening. What is more frightening is his audacity to join in the searches for the very girls he had kidnapped. This article just shows the vulnerability of our system and how easily things could go wrong. Who would have ever thought a man usually frequenting musical shows and an active participant in the society would be upto heinous acts like this.

  • Celeste Loera

    This article brings light on the horrors of people you have known for years but how well do we know them? It is so sad that for years and years these women were assaulted and there was no way out for them. I wonder what would have happened if he never made that mistake of leaving the door open but fortunately he did. This article has an amazing way of showing that you never really know someone or what’s happening behind closed doors.

  • Yamel Herrera

    This was a very eye-opening article and it made me question whether not I know my neighbors and all my acquaintances in general. It is unsettling to accept that kidnappings are a common occurrence in today’s world. Although I admire Berry, DeJesus and Knight for their strength, I applaud Berry’s brave decision to leave through the open door, in spite of the risk that it may have been just another one of Castro’s tests. It was a relief to read that all three girls were able to be safely rescued and were given a second chance at life.

  • Allison Grijalva

    I had never heard about this case before reading this article, and it was definitely a chilling one to read about. The kind of torture and mind games that Ariel Castro played on his victims is absolutely horrific and terrifying to think about. While this was a good topic, I think the article could have been improved with accounts of the victims after their escape and some more background information.

  • Andres Garcia

    This article reminds me of a book I had to read for civic engagement called In the Neighborhood. in one of the chapters, the author tells the story of a man who killed his wife. The wife had the opportunity to go to a neighbor for help but she didn’t because she didn’t know her neighbors that well. As social beings, we often fail to make connections with those closest to us.

  • Aleea Costilla

    I enjoyed reading this article because it brought to light the serious issues that can occur behind closed doors. Ariel Castro strategically gained the trust of his community, not to become suspicious of his captives and horrendous actions. Thankfully Amanda Berry and her daughter Jocelyn were willing to make such a brave choice to escape and potentially save other girls that could have been harmed as well. I would also like to point out the shock factor at how many counts of kidnapping, rape, and aggravated assault that truly makes one wonder about those within their community. Great article!

  • Alison Morales-Aguilar

    I have heard of this case before actually! I feel so sad for those girls because I’m sure they could hear people walking free outside but weren’t able to get help. Ariel Castro is disgusting and the fact that he couldn’t handle 1 month of being locked up like he locked up his captive shows how he could dish it out but not take it. To answer your question, I actually don’t know my neighbors at all! Other than the fact that they like to make steaks outside.

  • Oscar Ortega

    A sadly very hard-hitting article. For too many of us the idea that something may happen to our loved ones and that we may not be able to protect them is a very real fear. The fear that those around us may not be who we’re led to believe they are and what they may be capable of is also a quite common one, for some people more than others. This is a truly frightening and harrowing story on many levels, not least of all being that some of us reading this article, myself for example, may have been too young at the time to reasonably have been exposed to such subject matter and thus didn’t even know of it before now, but if nothing else it’s possible to take solace in knowing that these poor brave women survived, were freed, and that Castro was dealt justice. Very good writing, nicely provocative topic, great work.

Leave your comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.