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September 30, 2018

Pablo Escobar, Robin Hood or Drug Dealer?

Winner of the Fall 2018 StMU History Media Award for

Best Article in the Category of “International Studies”

Drugs, money, girls, power. That’s what a majority of people think of when they hear of Pablo Escobar. Many have heard of Escobar through stories and articles, but what people don’t understand is how he became the person he did and what struggles led to his ultimate defeat. To truly understand how Pablo Escobar became the person he was, his family background, economic stability, and financial struggles have to be taken into consideration.

Pablo and his son Juan Pablo in front of the White House | Courtesy of Business Insider

Pablo Escobar was born in Rionegro, Colombia where he developed his criminal mindset at an early age. His family was unable to support him and his siblings financially, so he took matters into his own hands. He started with minuscule crimes such as grave robbing and car hijacking. However, these crimes did not satisfy his desire for more power and respect. He escalated to smuggling and trading business for cigarettes, but then later ended up working for Fabio Restrepo, one of the most respected drug traffickers of his time. Escobar worked under his wing, and quickly learned and retained everything that Fabio taught him. He became his “right hand man,” but that wasn’t enough for Escobar. His power hunger grew so much that he ended up killing Fabio in 1975, and immediately he took over all of his operations and expanded an empire that took the world by a storm.1

As fun as Escobar’s drug empire was, he knew he could not continue to take the throne without getting involved in the political world. Escobar’s dream since he was a young kid was to become the president of Colombia. Every little kid’s dream is to become the president or an astronaut, but to Escobar, this wasn’t a dream, it was going to be his reality. But first, he had to start small to build himself up to his dream. Escobar knew that in order to continue his business and even have a shot of becoming a political leader in Colombia, he had to gain the hearts of the people. And what better way to do this than to go back to the community he was raised in. Escobar knew this was going to gain him a big advantage in the political world when he decided to give back to his own people. Pablo helped construct new houses, pools and stores for the community. He also gave his money away to citizens throughout the community to help people who were financially unstable. Escobar’s most famous “robin hood” act was building a new recreational center for the community. The old recreation center had been destroyed over time and was never kept up, and the community didn’t have the money to fix it. Pablo revamped the recreation center, and this was what really captured the hearts of the people. He was glorified as a saint by the whole community and people worshipped him for everything he did. He was one of their own, someone who came from nothing, but became something big.2

With Escobar being so powerful and impactful, he had to be very persuasive in order to get his way. He would bribe numerous powerful people to get what he wanted, no matter the cost. Escobar had a saying, “Plata o plomo,” meaning, silver or lead.3 This helped describe the kind of influence he had with people. If he didn’t get what he wanted with bribery, he would respond with a retaliation or even death. Instilling fear into people was how he gained the respect he craved. He wanted people to know who he was and to not cross him, or else they would have to deal with the consequences. Soon, Escobar’s hunger for respect turned into a loss of humanity. Escobar was so determined to expand his business that he did not know any limits. Assassinations, suicide, death were all apart of the game to Escobar in order to obtain the bigger picture.4

Escobar killed thousands of innocent people in order to be the kingpin of drug distribution. He would orchestrate bombings, assassinations, and even conduct “drive-bys.” It did not matter who the person was, whether they have a family or kids, Escobar killed to get what he wanted. He conducted numerous assassinations on political leaders, journalists, and even citizens who disagreed or did not contribute to his cause. Escobar knew that his shot at becoming the president of Columbia was not going to happen after he started killing political forces in the government, and also the United States was quickly closing in on Escobar trying to arrest him. He used his rage in retaliation to his enemies, hoping this would help influence the Columbian government. Escobar’s main goal on his agenda was a no-extradition clause and amnesty for drug barons in exchange for giving up the trade. Escobar’s “blacklist” claimed the lives of three Colombian presidential candidates, an attorney general, judges and more than 1,000 police officers. In addition, Escobar was implicated as the mastermind behind the bombing of a Colombian jetliner in 1989 that killed more than 100 people. Escobar’s murder binge eventually turned the public opinion against him and caused a breakup of the alliance of drug traffickers known as The Medellin Cartel.5

Pablo Escobar a couple years before his death | Courtesy of

Soon after all of  Escobar’s affairs started going down the drain, Escobar surrendered to Cesar Gaviria, the President of Columbia. But Escobar wanted something in return. The extradition was lifted, and Escobar was allowed to build his own prison called “La Catedral,” which was guarded by people Escobar handpicked. This allowed Escobar to control everything that happened from inside the prison. Although this was not the ideal “capture” the government wanted along with the United States, which at the time, was going to be their best bet. Escobar could control his entire business by smuggling people, drugs, items, foods, and guns to build his “home away from home.” Escobar had a casino, spa, and nightclub built into his so-called prison. As much as Escobar liked the fact that he was able to construct his own prison with his own security and within whatever parameters he wanted, this was once again not enough for him. He wanted to be free to get back to his empire. To escape, Escobar needed a plan.6

The United States and the Columbian government got wind of Escobar’s plans to escape, so they retaliated against him. They surrounded the compound to try to cover up all of the entrances, but this didn’t stop Escobar. First, they made there way through the main entrance thinking this would block off any and all “escape routes.” But in reality, Escobar hoped they would do this. While they were all coming through the front, Escobar made his way through a secret entrance that he built for this specific situation. All of his guards were having a gun fight outside and throughout the Castle while Escobar was making his infamous “get away.” Escobar escaped into the forest where he fled from the authorities, even though his escape was already planned for another day. It helped that even though there was a snitch inside the prison, there was also one outside that alerted Escobar the authorities were approaching the castle, enabling him to escape when the time was right. The manhunt for the drug lord Pablo Escobar lasted almost a year and a half. The authorities occasionally got tips on Escobar’s location, but these were all false sightings that led to dead ends. Escobar had to be very careful while on the run. But in the end, the law caught up to him. On this fateful day, he had tried to escape, but the police got wind of it. The police pursued this tip, and they ended up closing in on his location. He tried to run through the neighborhood, but he ended up being shot in a shootout, and this is how the reign of Pablo Escobar came to a quick end on December 2, 19937

The death of Pablo Escobar by the Columbian government and DEA | Courtesy of Recentr

Escobar even to this day, despite all of the horrible and inhumane acts he committed, is considered a saint for everything he gave to the community. Drug dealer or not, he gave back to his people which left a lasting impression not only in their hearts but in their minds. His actions will never be forgotten by people all around the world. So the question is: Is Pablo Escobar a robin hood or murderer? That’s for you to decide.




  1. “Pablo Escobar,”, December 14, 2017,
  2. Christopher Minster, “Learn the Story of Ruthless Drug Kingpin, Pablo Escobar,” ThoughtCo,
  3. Amy Tikkanen, “Pablo Escobar,” Encyclopædia Britannica, March 08, 2016,
  4. Christopher Minster, “Learn the Story of Ruthless Drug Kingpin, Pablo Escobar,” ThoughtCo,
  5. “Pablo Escobar,” The Free Dictionary,
  6. Steven Ambrus, “Colombia Drug Lord Escobar Dies in Shootout,” Los Angeles Times, December 03, 1993,
  7. Steven Ambrus, “Colombia Drug Lord Escobar Dies in Shootout,” Los Angeles Times, December 03, 1993,

Tags from the story



drug trafficking


Pablo Escobar


prison break

Recent Comments

Rosario Moreno

I feel like my opinion of the type of person Pablo Escobar was is all over the place. First, he was just this average boy who dreamed of becoming a president. Then in the article it tell stories of what he did for his community. Of course, it was through drugs and illegal things, but he did help a lot of people. But then he started killing all these political leaders, as well as innocent people. It makes me sad, that he lost sight of what was important and gave into that greed of pow



12:44 pm

Sydney Aleman

The only thing I knew about Pablo Escobar was him being a infamous drug trafficker and being out of Colombia. I never knew much of his background and how he wanted to be President and I wouldn’t have ever thought that was his dream if I hadn’t read this article. Knowing that he was much more than just a drug trafficker was fascinating to find out and it was nice to know he did some good. Reading this was very formative and it makes me think differently of how I see him, but I have not forgotten the wrong he also did.



12:44 pm

Joshua Garza

To see Escobar as a robin hood or as a flat out criminal comes down to how much patriotism you have for your own country as far as respecting those who are in power. He has view points for both sides that will back him up. He did give back to his people but he also did commit numerous crimes. But in my opinion he loved power and his people so living in a world where he had both things he lost all care for what he started for which ultimately led to his downfall.



12:44 pm

Tala Owens

It is also hard for people to chose a side for these type of things. Pablo Escobar committed horrible crimes, but he also helped out his community. You are always taught that drug traffickers and such are horrible people and that is it. There is never any room to add in some of the good things they did. But in Pablo’s case I feel like even the good things he did were just with the intention to gain more and more power since he was very power hungry.



12:44 pm

Vanessa Sanchez

Drug lords always an interesting topic to cover. Pablo Escobar did good as well as bad. In my personal opinion Pablo Escobar is neither a robin hood or a murderer. He did good to the ones around him and the ones that mostly needed him. Just the way he did his good he also had his bad. As point out in the article he did kill tons of innocent people to get to where he ended up.



12:44 pm

Michael Hinojosa

I never knew of any details about Pablo Escobar but even I can tell that making him up to be a Robin Hood or a power crazed kingpin is entirely up to whether or not you agree with what he did or condemn him for even resorting to his actions. I definitely agree with everyone else in the sense that his grand start was more of a Robin Hood like story but then it quickly derailed into something much more sinister as time went on.



12:44 pm

Amariz Puerta

Pablo Escobar is one heck of a person, strategizer, lovable, and a villain. Reading this article assured my justifications for his demonizing, and his gracious actions. It is hard to pinpoint if he is a villain or a robin hood because we do not have a definite answer to his motives. Knowing he built recreations in the pubelo known as “barrio Pablo” justifies his robin hood actions, but then killing the political figures in Colombia, says something else. This article was great to read and choose our side of the drug lord.



12:44 pm

Alicia Guzman

Growing up, I have always heard the stories of the life of Pablo Escobar. One time he burned two million US dollars because his daughter was cold. He is venerated by many and hated by even more. This article discusses just that. What I like about this article is that it provided the background story to who he was. After reading this article it is up to you to make to the decision of whether you believe he was a saint of a sinner.



12:44 pm

Andres Cano

Personally, I think of Pablo Escobar as a good egg gone bad. I can relate to his human intentions to protect and provide for someone other than himself, but the ends certainly do not justify the means in this case. I was intrigued by this article however, and I agree that our decision Robin Hood or villain, is simply our decision. Hopefully the world will choose to be influenced by the right choice, that is to not follow in the footsteps of a clear-cut criminal.



12:44 pm

Danniella Villarreal

I can see where he gave so much to the community but he also did really bad things to other people. In some cases, I feel like he can actually be both robin hood, and a criminal because there were times where his criminal acts were not for good. Although I will say that i see him a bit more as a robbin hood because he really did like to help his community. This was a very intriguing article and the title is what really drew me in.



12:44 pm

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