StMU Research Scholars

Featuring Scholarly Research, Writing, and Media at St. Mary's University

There are very few men who have been able to simultaneously live in public and successfully break the law, all while consistently getting away with it. One of the most notorious people to have done this was the late mob boss Al Capone. Al Capone ran an illegal operation which, adjusted for inflation, would have been worth over a billion dollars today. Apart from being very respected and feared by his rival gang members, everyday people often gave him credit for being successful against the tremendous odds he was facing, even if they didn’t always agree with his goals.1 One of these people was the director of Scarface, Brian De Palma.

Rod Steiger in Al Capone | Courtesy of Wikipedia Commons

In the first opening scene of Scarface, the camera settles on a man named Tony Montana, who is undergoing questioning by Border Patrol after having just migrated from Cuba. Originally, nothing about him really made him stand out from the other Cubans save a huge scar on the left side of his face. Throughout the course of the film, that very same un-extraordinary Cuban goes from working in a soup truck and preforming low level drug deals to ruling over his city as a Kingpin and controlling all of the drug trade within the district. Likewise, Al Capone was a famous mobster, also nicknamed Scarface, who ran an illegal mob that committed crimes consisting of gambling, providing alcohol during prohibition, and selling drugs, just to name a few.2

Capone was known for his life of crime, and although the government usually kept a keen eye on him, they never managed to officially catch him in an illegal act, so he always got away scot-free. What set Capone apart from other mobsters at the time was his unusual love for the limelight. Throughout Scarface, the audience is surprised as they observe one of the most wanted men in the nation throwing the classicmillionaire mansion party,” or taking a trip to the most luxurious club in the city to party like there weren’t people doing all they could to capture him. Just like Scarface, Capone never had any fear of being spotted and actually made himself quite noticeable whenever he would go out in public. Capone would often flaunt his wealth by taking strolls through Chicago, which was struggling through the great depression, wearing dazzling and expensive suits with his signature fedora.3 

It is no mere coincidence that the main character of Scarface, Tony Montana, is seen wearing similar outfits throughout the film. Capone was also never known to be alone and had security with him at all times when he took trips through the city, which is another fact reflected in the film by the use of a secondary character: a best friend/body guard that seems to be there for Tony whenever he finds himself in a predicament that’s too much for him to handle. Capone never saw himself as a criminal, but as a business man and entrepreneur because of his success during theroaring twenties.He enjoyed the idea of people knowing that he had money, but he was also generous with it. He helped out people who were struggling during the tough economic times whenever the opportunity was presented, and this popular generosity resulted in crowds of people flocking to him for help even if they had never previously met.4

Al Pacino in Scarface | Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Another signature trait of Capone that made him very different from the average mobster was his personality, and the film captured it perfectly. Capone wasn’t the typical dubious and suspicious crime boss, but rather, was seen as a friendly man with an extroverted personality and a kind smile. In ScarfaceTony Montana was a very likable person and people wanted to work with him because of that. He would also crack jokes at tense times, and knew how to have fun with any predicament he was in. In real life, Capone enjoyed being seen in a positive way by the public eye and would often speak with the press to ensure that stories and articles written about him were not doing anything but making him look good. His amiable nature was reflected within the mob community, too, and when Chicago began to show signs of chaos, he took matters into his own hands and called for aPeace Conferenceto help control the out-of-hand criminal activities that were sprouting up.5

Of course, Capone knew that his smile would only go so far, as he many times claimed, “You can get further with a gun and a smile than you can with just a smile.6 Capone demonstrated his friendly personality until he believed that his kindness could not help him achieve his goals, in which case he would often resort to his other known behavior: that of a coldblooded killer. This conflict of personality was a trait that Tony Montana displayed openly within the film numerous times. The screenplay is not shy at all to depict the cruel and heartless nature that Capone utilized during his time as a mob boss. He was respected for his reputation, but feared because of his bipolar personality. The boss could be friendly one second, but when his personality changed, there was no going back, and that friendly man with a smile could quickly become a ruthless killer driven only by his personal desires. There are countless scenes in Scarface where Tony Montana totally loses his temper in a split-second, just like Al Capone. This bipolar trait and the sheer unpredictability of his personality and actions were exactly what helped him rise to the top.

Al Capone At Terminal Island In California | Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Although Capone was one of the richest people in America because of his successful business and his strategies to avoid prosecution, the law eventually caught up with him. During his trial, the judge was faced with a lack of evidence for any of the many crimes, murders, and illegal activities that Capone had committed, and so the judge had no choice but to send him to prison for tax evasion. Close to the end of Scarface, we see Tony Montana enjoying his life in his extremely successful business, to the point where his problem is actually that he has too much money to account for. After getting set up by some cops, Tony is caught red handed and the audience was led to believe that he was finally going to have to pay for all of his illegal activities that he had previously committed. After Capone was sent to jail for income tax evasion, his life in crime fell apart.7

A photograph of Alcatraz Island on July 2, 2017 | Courtesy of Wikipedia commons

Due to his overwhelming popularity, he was sent to the most secure jail that the United States could provide at the time — Alcatraz. When he was finally released from prison eleven years later, he was no longer able to continue his life of crime, and the notorious gangster “Scarface” was gone. In his place stood a man who no longer took interest in crime, but turned in his criminal duties for fishing and living in his home in peace and tranquility.8 Mirroring Capone, Tony Montana had his lawyer successfully prove him innocent of all crimes that he had done save tax evasion. Immediately following Tony Montana’s conviction, his drug empire began to fall apart. His bipolar personality began to flare up more and more, partially due to his addiction with cocaine, another thing that Capone dealt with during his lifetime and especially during his rise and fall of success. This led to the character’s dramatic death, which has gone down in cinema history as one of the best epic finales of all time. Scarface ultimately died, and there is no Al Capone to left to live in peace and tranquility.

Al Capone owes a large part of his success as one of the most notorious and successful criminals of all time to his unique personality, one that allowed him to run crime in a way no one before him had ever thought of. While his Scarface persona may have died after he was released from jail, it lived on and was represented in the film Scarface, as well as through the media continuing the legacy of the world renowned criminal.

  1. “The True Story Of Scarface,” Trendchaser, November 1, 2017,
  2. “Al Capone’s tax trial and downfall,” My Al Capone Museum, January 7, 2010,
  3. Ashleen Wicklow, “Mob Mondays – Five True Mob Stories Behind Scarface,” AMC, 2015,
  4. Jim Fisher, “Al Capone Was a Nice Guy?” January 1, 1970.
  5. James P. Kirby, “Al Capone Is New York’s Contribution to Gangland,” The Times Herald, September 1928, 4.
  6. “Real Al Capone Quotes,” My Al Capone Museum, January 7, 2010,
  7. “Al Capone Biography,” Biography Online,
  8. Paul Harrison, “Al Capone to Be Released from Philadelphia’s Eastern Penitentiary after Serving 10 Month Sentence,” The Times Herald, March 1930, 1.

Recent Comments


  • Idaly Oropeza

    The first time I heard about Al Capone was in fifth grade reading Al Capone does my shirts. Watching Scarface it is easy to see why many people loved his persona. He is extremely smart and played his cards right at all times. Not only was he a criminal but the fact that he helped the poor surprised me. This leads me to wonder what his motives were being doing so.

  • Makayla Soto

    I never knew that scare faced was based off an actual person, so to find that out is crazy. I love how you’re going into detail as far as background and comparing from real life to the actual movie. You’re giving us the life story of how this person was on and off the job which I love too! It’s crazy to see someone with a life style as crazy as these, but also very interesting.

  • Carlos Hinojosa

    This article truly did an amazing job showing the similarities between Scarface and Al Capone. Also if I’m honest I never even knew that Scarface was based on Al Capone I though it was just a movie about a crime lord. My dad used to love that movie like he always watched it until he finally got bored. This was a great article and was very informative.

  • Juan Asfura

    This is very interesting article because Ive always liked his story and its really interesting especially in movies. I never really knew much about Al Capone aside from his ties with the mob and his famous movies about drugs and his lifestyle. I watched the movie Scarface a few years ago, I think I might rewatch it again even-though its really long to watch but its worth it.

  • Ian Mcewen

    It is fascinating to learn that Al Capone might have had bipolar disorder and I could see how could have helped him in his line of work, he also seemed to have too have more control over it that most because if not he would have gotten caught in his criminal dealings. I also have read that he helped those who were less fortunate than most which helped his public image and helped protect his criminal empire.

  • Julianna Zamora

    Al Capone was such an interesting person. It seems to me he had the charisma and presence of a movie star, attracting fascination and extravagance everywhere he went, but also the mind of a cold-blooded killer. I never knew of all the comparisons between Al Capone and Tony Montana from Scarface and now reading the examples the author mentioned, I want to re-watch the movie! Al Capone’s life seems like a movie as well where he eventually gets caught and spends his days away from the crime that once brought everything towards him.

  • Janie Cheverie

    This was a very interesting article for me because I knew little information about Al Capone. Interestingly, he didn’t view himself as a criminal but as an entrepreneur. It’s fascinating how much he got away with which is what has made him a famous part of American crime history. He was very intelligent in the methods he organized crime by using his assets such as being charming and caring.

  • Richard Moreno

    I enjoyed how the article drew a lot of comparisons between Al Capone and “Tony Montana” in Scarface. I always enjoy stories about mobsters and crime lords. It’s really interesting to me how such arrogant, cruel, and sinful men could simultaneously be charming, clever, and caring. Al Capone though, is truly a legendary character in American crime history. He wasn’t dumb by any means, in fact he was incredibly intelligent in the way he ran his organized crime. He was, like Tony, relentless. A famous quote by Al Capone: “Don’t mistake my kindness for weakness. I am kind to everyone, but when someone is unkind to me, weak is not what you’re going to remember about me.”

  • Abilene Solano

    I didn’t know that the movie was based of notorious mobster Al Capone so reading this article really piqued my interest. It’s interesting to find out that Al Capone wasn’t your stereotypical mobster that everyone would think of during the roaring 20’s. I was actually surprised to find out that Capone didn’t see himself as a criminal but successful entrepreneur with an “extroverted personality and a kind smile”. It’s definitely not something I would have imagine from this famous mobster and I liked how the author connected the similarities between Tony Montana and Al Capone. Overall, it was a fun article to read because I got to learn more about a famous mobster that was both feared and loved by everyone in America.

  • Maya Simon

    I’ve never really watched Scarface, but I have heard a lot about it and reading this article gave me a better understanding of Al Capone and the change that Alcatraz can have on a person. It’s crazy how if he didn’t get his way it would lead him to killing people for basically know reason. This was a great article I need to watch the movie soon to get to different point of views.

Leave a Reply to Juan Asfura (Cancel Reply)

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.