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December 5, 2017

“Bond, James Bond”: The Creation of Ian Fleming’s World Renowned Secret Agent

There have been many action films made in the past sixty years or so, but a specific film comes to the mind of viewers when they hear of the famous Secret Service Intelligence Office named James Bond. The movie begins with the widely-known theme song that accompanies the opening title; then the film commences with a mixture of expensive explosions, killings, spies and secrets, fast cars, top-notch weapons, tuxedos, and high-intensity action scenes. James Bond has been the face of British action movies for the past fifty-three years. Before all of the successfully made, action-packed Bond movies were made and released, there were the classic Bond novels by author Ian Fleming. In those 1950s novels, we first meet the central figure of his stories, the man with the license to kill—Bond, James Bond.

Actor Sean Connery portraying the role of the very first James Bond | Courtesy of

James Bond, the prominent character of Fleming’s creation, was the central figure of his fictional writings. Bond, often referred to by his code number, 007, held the position of an intelligence officer in the British Secret Service and Commander in the Royal Naval Reserve, being the protagonist of all the novels, films, comics, and video games that followed. Bond was the ultimate secret spy who was classy, loyal to his boss “M” (who was said to be a character mimicked after Fleming’s real-life boss, Admiral Godfrey), and always did his best work with the best intentions and attempts. During World War II, Fleming had frequently mentioned to his friends that he was eager to write spy novels, and finally, after marrying his girlfriend in 1952, he began his journey as a novelist while at his island vacation home.1

Bond was the main character of twelve novels, nine short stories, a plethora of video games and comic books, and twenty-six films, in which the character Bond was portrayed by seven different actors throughout the years of the franchise. Despite the content within these books and movies, there was quite a number of real-life elements taken from Fleming’s experiences and his own continuing imagination being represented in his literary work, as well as executed on-screen. Although Bond is seen as a hero in many ways, upon the creation of the character, Fleming admitted once that Bond was meant to be the opposite, saying, “I never intended my leading character, James Bond, to be a hero. I intended him to be a sort of blunt instrument wielded by a government department…But of course, he’s always referred to as my hero. I don’t see him as a hero myself.”2

The evolution of James Bond portrayed by seven actors over 60 years | Courtesy of

Despite these intentions for his character, Fleming took a lot of inspiration from real-life situations in his military career as well as with the people he met along the way. Fleming gained most of the inspiration for the James Bond character from individuals he knew during his time in the Naval Intelligence Division. He once admitted that the character was, “a compound of all the secret agents and commando types I met during the war,” allowing his readers and viewers to understand just how bulletproof, smart, and insanely brave the Bond character was intended to be seen as. Even the name of James Bond was taken from the name of an American ornithologist of the same name, who was a Caribbean bird expert. Fleming was himself an active bird-watcher, and owned a copy of James Bond’s books on bird-watching, and later went on to explain to his wife how he felt the name James Bond had an impact on him. The use of the name would also serve as some symbol of simplicity, as Fleming felt that a complicated or unique name would take away from the adventures Bond would endure in his novels.3

Author of Bond franchise novels, Ian Fleming with James Bond actor, Sean Connery | Courtesy of

The individual characteristics that make up who James Bond is, was a reflection of who Fleming was himself. As Fleming once described him, “James Bond is what every man would like to be, and what every woman would like between her sheets,” from the kind of tastes he obtained and the traits he acquired, to the many experiences that Bond has gone through, all were illustrations of Fleming as a high-ranking, handsome, charismatic secret agent who enjoyed the rush of fulfilling his duties in the most adventurous ways.4

  1.  Encyclopedia Britannica, September 2013, s.v. “James Bond.”
  2.  Guy Burnett, “Nobody Does It Better: Ian Fleming’s James Bond Turns Sixty,” Society 51, no.2 (2014): 175-179.
  3.  John Pearson, James Bond: The Authorized Biography of 007 (London, England: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1973), 1-16, 26-34.
  4.  Guy Burnett, “Nobody Does It Better: Ian Fleming’s James Bond Turns Sixty,” Society 51, no.2 (2014): 175-179.

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  • Cynthia Perez

    I really enjoy learning and diving deeper into the purpose of characters. James Bond in particular being created with a different intention as to what he ended up becoming is very cool and I’m glad Fleming went at developing him the way he did. Even if his personal perception of the character is completely different than many others I think we can all agree James Bond’s iconic phrase brought a lot of attention to his overall popularity. Really great article over Ian Fleming and his pathway to becoming a novelist, as well as insight to his character’s origin.

  • John Estrada

    Golden was the peak of my childhood, playing the game with family and friends and just having fun. Though I never got into the lore of James Bond, the most interesting aspect of the character is by far the films. I admittedly haven’t seen any, but aas the article states, Bond has been played by seven different actors so far. That’s always been an interesting aspect that has drawn me into this topic and reading this great article. To add on to that trivia, a new Bond film is in the works; this time it is heavily rumored that Bond would be played by a black actor, possibly Idris Elba. Having a diverse and amazing cast of people for one character certainly might make me begin looking into this topic more.

  • Marco Monte de Oca

    James Bond is one of the most famous action movie series and this article taught me a lot about James Bond. I never knew that James Bond originated from novels written by Ian Fleming and I liked finding how Ian Fleming came up with the name for his character. The movies have become extremely popular throughout the world and it made me want to be a spy like him when I was growing up.

  • Kenneth Gilley

    What an interesting article! Of course, I had heard of James Bond many times before, but I did not no the details behind his character. It was very interesting to read about the 007 character. I had never realized just how influential the James Bond character was. He was the main character of twelve novels and twenty-six films. It is also curious how the name James Bond came from the name of an ornithologist.

  • Chelsea Alvarez

    Although I have never watched a James Bond movie, I know that they are extremely popular. I really liked how this article broke down who James Bond really was and how Fleming drew inspiration for the character. I find it crazy how these movies have had such an immense success among the public. It was very interesting to read that Fleming did not have the intentions to have James be a hero.

  • Cameron Lopez

    This was a really interesting article that I enjoyed reading. I had no idea that the name came from an ornithologist along with the aspects like the skill and personality came strictly from all of the military experts that he met in his life. Its interesting how the author saw Bonds as which was like a government pawn. But society saw differently. I wonder how the author saw him as a government pawn. I want to know his thought process and logic.

  • Antonio Coffee

    What was really surprising was that Fleming did not intend for Bond to be seen as a hero. This makes me curious about what was his goal. He wanted him to be seen as a weapon or tool yet the gave Bond so much personality and desirability it is hard to see him that way. He said he wanted Bond to be what every man wanted to be, yet this is not a hero according to Flemming.

  • Alexandra Lopez

    Of course, I have heard of James Bond but only through movies. I have never seen them or read about them. They didn’t really seem to interest me. Reading this to-the-point article made me realize just how awesome James Bond really is. It’s interesting to read about the creation of this widely known fictional character. This article also made me realize just why this fictional character is so deeply loved and appreciated. I feel as if I should start a movie marathon to catch up with the details of 007. I know my grandfather knows a lot about the spy and he’s always claimed the movies were terrific. Great read. (reposted)

  • Montserrat Moreno Ramirez

    it was very interesting article. I’ve been a james bond fan since i was a little girl and never really thought about where the name came from. i think is great that this guy used his military expert friends to name this movie, a fun fact i could never had anticipated!
    It’s also great that the author gave more background on the 007 character because it allowed me to understand better the purpose of this character.

  • Marina Castro

    Very cool article to read! One never thinks about the origins of iconic characters such as James Bond. He is probably one of the most recognized characters of all times. Because of him, every kid wanted to be a spy growing up. The author did a great job at giving more depth to the James Bond character by showing its background.

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