StMU Research Scholars

Featuring Scholarly Research, Writing, and Media at St. Mary’s University

November 11, 2022

The Global Rise of K-Pop

K-pop has become a massive part of the music industry globally. What is K-pop exactly? To break it down easier for you, pop music from South Korea. The genre’s catchy tunes, paired with an intriguing choreography and good looking singers/dancers that have become idols is the key to what makes K-pop what it is.1

The Korean Culture also known as “Hallyu”, The Korean Wave, has grown since the 1990’s.2 It wasn’t until 2012, when Psy released “Gangnam Style” and held the No. 2 spot on the Billboard Hot 100 for seven weeks in a row, this was the start of the rise for K-pop.3

Behind the Scenes. 

If you know anything about these K-pop groups, you would know that the key to them is the synchronization during their choreography that they perform. How do they achieve this and make it look so easy? Years of practice. 

Yes, I do mean years, because becoming an idol takes time depending on the person but most importantly the agency. Let me break it down for you, South Korean entertainment agencies host auditions for those who wish to become an Idol. They look for rappers, dancers, vocalists and although there’s no age limit, it is more ideal to audition in your mid-teens. Once you pass the audition, you are able to sign to the agency and become a trainee. Now this doesn’t mean you’ve made it, obviously, but this is the start of trying to prove to your agency that you are the one to debut next.4

Global audition held by JYP Entertainment-Photo courtesy of JYP Entertainment

The whole trainee process consists of vocal, dancing, and even language lessons. Sounds easy right? According to the artists, it’s completely the opposite. There’s a certain image the agency’s go for, so apart from the regular lessons, there’re the mandatory weigh-ins, exercise, and meals to keep the body image in check. During your trainee time, on top of everything else, the agencies also provide media and etiquette training. Just like I mentioned, there’s an image to uphold once the trainee debuts and they train you to know how to act. It can be difficult during this process and it’s clearly a competition to see who deserves the spotlight.5

The trainee process can take days, months and even years. Looking at current idols like Jihyo from TWICE, who trained for 10 years compared to Olivia from LOONA, who only trained for one day before debuting. It’s clearly different for everyone. 

The Biggest Stars Now – Or at-least one.

K-Pop group BTS on the red carpet at the GRAMMY’S 2022 Hindustan Times

At this point there’s too many groups to count in the industry but of course  there’s the few who really have the spotlight. One in particular that you’ve probably heard about is the global K-pop sensation BTS. The seven member group whose popularity grew enormously and it was honestly unpredictable. Considering they currently hold the title for being the topmost group at the moment, I don’t think anyone, even themselves, thought that they would be this huge during their career.

Debuting in 2013, under Big Hit Entertainment, the self-made artists didn’t gain popularity worldwide till 2017 when releasing their album Love yourself: Her which grabbed some attention. 6 This was the start of them breaking records left and right. By 2019, they became the first group to earn three No. 1 albums on the Billboard 200 in less than a year, since The Beatles who held that record for 22 years.7 Fast forward to 2021, to being the first K-pop group to be nominated for a Grammy.8 Although they have yet to win one, it is still a big accomplishment and it will not end there for them. 

Of course it is not just up to BTS to accomplish these records by themselves. Let me introduce you to ARMY, the fanbase of BTS, and the ones who take a big part in bringing BTS to where they are now. You know the saying “This is a two man job,” that’s exactly it. Without ARMY the outcome would be different. This fanbase has made a huge impact on the BTS performer’s  career. Just like the group, ARMY has gone out their way to accomplish many things, like raising over $1 Million for the Black Lives Matter Movement.9 It’s astonishing how many people can come together as one when the meaning is there. ARMY is a family, no matter the race, gender or age.

K-Pop group BTS posing with ARMY at the PTD Las Vegas Concert. 2022

I had the amazing opportunity to fly out to Las Vegas in April 2022 while BTS were hosting their 4-Day concerts at the Allegiant Stadium, “BTS Permission To Dance On Stage – Las Vegas.” The 4-Day shows sold out during a presale in March, before they could go on sale for the general public10 I was lucky enough to snag a ticket to see them with friends a month later. This was my first time going out of state for a concert in general, I never imagined it would be because of a BTS concert. While waiting to check in to our hotel after spending twelve hours standing in line outside the stadium for merchandise, we met two older ladies that were in front of us. They were clearly a lot older than us but they were also in Las Vegas for BTS. We immediately bonded over how excited we all were, which member was our favorite but most importantly how BTS has impacted our own lives, it wasn’t until reflecting afterward, that it our age gap really surprised me because when we were together our age gap was not even acknowledged because it really did not matter.

I’ve been a huge fan of boy groups since my early teens but I could say I’ve never felt more of a connection and close friendship with a group than I have with BTS. The fanbase really ranges in age. It’s still surprising to me how a group could bring people together, but also they have made changes to everyone’s lives. Not only have we as, ARMY, changed the BTS members’ lives but BTS has helped many of their own fans throughout the years.


The bond between BTS and ARMY is a different kind of friendship, as someone who is an ARMY, BTS are my people just like we are theirs. 

K-Pop during the Covid-19 Pandemic.

When the Covid-19 pandemic started, it affected many things from jobs to events like concerts and our daily life in general. The pandemic, however, could not stop the Korean Wave.11 K-pop had an enormous popularity outburst when the pandemic started. Staying home caused a peak in interest of the K-pop genre. As someone who’s followed K-pop for a couple years now, it was interesting watching  close friends and the social media and website explosion with interest in the genre. For those who really just stayed at home, relied on Youtube, Netflix and many more online sources. Views for any K-pop video jumped considerably during this time. If we were to look at the top 10 most viewed music videos in 24-hours on Youtube, the only non-kpop video you would see on that list is “Me!” (Taylor Swift ft. Brendon Urie)  the rest of the spots are shared between BTS and BLACKPINK.12

Apart from the records that were broken by the two most popular k-pop groups BTS and BLACKPINK, during this time, this actually gave the smaller groups their shine of spotlight. The groups like TWICE, STRAY KIDS, SEVENTEEN, NCT, ITZY and many more were raised are beginning to become known popular groups now. It’s amazing to watch certain groups grow because of all the hard work they’ve put in, it’s really deserving. 

K-Pop girl group TWICE posing with their fans at the virtual concert “TWICE 4th World Tour ‘III’ : SEOUL”. Teen Vogue

The pandemic did not stop K-pop groups from connecting with their fans, this is where online concerts came in. Although it is not the same as in-person concerts, it was something to keep fans involved with our favorite groups during the unfortunate lockdowns.13 I did my fare-share of online concerts during this time but nothing could beat being in a stadium with other fans and your favorite artists.

I believe nothing could stop the growth of K-pop, with the newer generation coming in, it’s going to be a popular genre for quite some time. Take a listen to the genre, or should I saw watch a video of a band dancing and singing K-pop. There music is intergenerational, and intercultural. You can see for yourself why it’s breaking social media and other internet records.

  1. Suk-Young Kim, Korean pop culture is here to stay, Los Angeles Times, 2022.
  2. Aja Romano, How K-pop became a global phenomenon, Vox, 2018.
  3. Anoushka Mathew, Psy to make his awaited comeback after five years in THIS month with a full album, Pink Villa, 2022.
  4. Steffi Cao, How Korean Pop Groups Are Formed, Buzzfeed, 2021.
  5. Steffi Cao, How Korean Pop Groups Are Formed, Buzzfeed, 2021.
  6. Starr Bowenbank, Every Time BTS has Set a Guiness World Record, Billboard, 2021.
  7. Ellie Field, The Beattles and BTS – The power of Fandoms, National Museums Liverpool, 2022.
  8. Ashlee Mitchell, Meet The First-Time GRAMMY Nominees, The GRAMMY Awards, 2021.
  9. CedarBough Saeji, The K-pop revolution and what it means for American politics, The Washington Post, 2020.
  10. Caitlin Lilly, BTS sells out 4 Las Vegas Shows, Fox 5, 2022.
  11. Mickey Rapkin, COVID-19 couldn’t stop K-pop’s global rise, National Geographic, 2021.
  12. Ben Patterson, The Most Viewed Youtube Video In 24 Hours, Alphr, 2022.
  13. Samantha Lui, K-pop bands are redefining live music, CBC Radio, 2022.

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Recent Comments

Ryan Salinas

Congratulations on the nomination! I love music, and the rise of K-POP has been one thing I have noticed over the last few years. Your article is a very interesting read that discusses the rise in popularity of K-POP.



3:09 pm

Jose Luis Gamez, III

Interesting article Stephanie. I wasn’t aware of what K-pop music/groups were until I read your article. I would hear my girlfriends talk about K-pop music but didn’t know what they were talking about. Now I know. Thanks for this informative article and congrats on your nomination.



3:09 pm

Mariana Mata

Hi, Stephanie! As a k-pop fan, BTS’ rise to fame really shocked me- at least the speed at which they were able to reach superstardom. It is true that much of their fame was thanks to the COVID-19 pandemic, which also highlighted the k-pop genre as a whole. My respect for BTS has grown immensely since they were one of the first groups I listened to, and although I don’t keep up with them as much, they for sure are a group many other k-pop artists look up to.



3:09 pm

Gabriella Galdeano

This is an amazing article! I am new to the K-pop genre, so this was very informative. My appreciation for idols has increased. The amount of training they undergo sounds intense, so I am glad that the genre is getting more recognition. I think you are right in saying that the popularity of K-pop will continue to grow. I have only listened to Stray Kids so far, but I am excited to get into other groups like BTS. Congratulations on your award!



3:09 pm

Sydney Nieto

Congratulate on receive the “Best Publication Award” on this well-written article. I am just beginning to learn about Korean culture, including K-pop, and was excited to read this. Firstly, I would like to say how through the writing you could tell how passionate you were about this topic, making it enjoyable to read. I do agree how K-pop idols would undergo intensive training and practices and they deserve all the recognition they had received. I was also surprised to learn how the industry grew during the COVID-19 pandemic and how strong “Army” could be.



3:09 pm

Iris Reyna

Congrats Stephanie on winning the Fall 2022 award for Best Publication in the Cultural History category. I loved how you offered your personal experience to show how in-depth the world of K-pop culture is and how hard K-pop individuals work. From a fellow ARMY to another the article was amazingly put together and gave BTS the moment to shine once again. And how you mentioned that it’s a two-man job is correct. BTS loves and takes care of ARMY and we do the same for them. They have saved countless ARMY and they are our lifelines. It’s sad to see that in 2023 they are not together due to their military service but they are honoring their country and we respect them so much more for it even though it hurts. I know one thing for sure, when the final member of BTS completes their service in 2025 millions of ARMY will be waiting with open arms to welcome them back.



3:09 pm

Hailey Koch

Congrats on winning an award it was definitely well deserved because your article was great and fun to read. I have heard about K-Pop before and knew of the genre, but what I never knew was that it came from South Korea. It’s really cool how there isn’t an age limit when it came to auditioning to be an idol. Though there wasn’t an age gap it was preferred to be in your mid-teens. It makes sense they wanted people to mostly be mid-teens because they would have a bit more experience than younger kids. It’s crazy that it takes years for someone to become an idol, but with lots of practice, they are able to be at their peak.



3:09 pm

Karly West

This topic really interested me when I saw it on the homepage, I have always wanted to know why all of a sudden the west was so interested in k-pop. It makes sense that COVID-19 would have an impact on their rise in the west. It was very clear you were very passionate about this topic the whole way through, you did great.



3:09 pm

Priscilla Leal

Congratulations on your award! I’ve been a kpop fan since 2016 and I can definitely say it has had a big impact on my life. Being a fan comes with ups and downs, one of the downs is realizing how much the kpop industry affects idols’ mental and physical health. I support many groups but also hold the companies accountable for the treatment of the idols. its not always black and white. thank you for highlighting the behind the scenes!



3:09 pm

Carina Martinez

Yay, congrats on your award! This was an amazing article. As someone who has been in k-pop world since 2016, I loved how you made it educational. What a great article!



3:09 pm

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