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May 14, 2018

The Phantom of the Sky: The Mysterious Disapperance of D.B. Cooper

Dan Cooper’s plane hijacking of November 24, 1971 is considered one of the greatest crimes to have ever been committed and has led investigators in a hunt for evidence for over forty-five years. It wasn’t until the summer of 2016 that investigators had had enough and closed the case. So, exactly what happened to made authorities get to this position?

On November 24, 1971, at the counter of Northwest Orient Airlines in Portland International Airport, a man who identified himself as Dan Cooper bought a one-way ticket on Flight 305 to Seattle, a thirty-minute flight. The man boarded the flight, which was a Boeing 727 aircraft, and took seat 18C and ordered a cup of bourbon and soda. He was described as a white-man who was in his forties, between 5’10 and 6 feet tall, and wore a black raincoat, with loafers, a dark suit, an ironed white-collared shirt, and a black tie.1 The flight took off at 2:50 p.m., with its fuel level at about one-third full.

Shortly after takeoff, Cooper slipped a note to one of the flight attendants, Florence Schaffner, who assumed that the note was Cooper’s phone number, or a love note, and she walked away. When she came back, Cooper flagged her down and told her “Miss, you’d better look at that note. I have a bomb.”2 The exact wording of the note is unknown because Cooper took the note back. After taking back the note, Cooper motioned for Schaffner to sit down beside him, where he then opened his briefcase and briefly showed eight red cylinders, “four on top of four.” After closing his briefcase, he dictated his demands: $200,000 “in negotiable American currency,” four parachutes (two primary, two reserves), and a fuel truck waiting for them upon landing.3 It is important to add that Cooper asked for the money to be only $20 bills. The attendant then went to the captain to give the demands and when she returned, Cooper had on his signature dark sunglasses.

Schaffner recalls that Cooper seemed familiar with the terrain that they were flying over. It was stated that he was able to point out the Tacoma river when they passed it.4 Cooper also mentioned that McChord Airforce Base was only a twenty-minute drive from the airport that they were heading to. The aircraft would then circle the airport for around two hours, so that they could allow the Seattle Police and FBI enough time to get the parachutes and the money that Cooper had demanded. Something that was surprising about all of this was how calm Cooper was throughout all of this. Schaffner described him as being “calm, polite, and well-spoken.”5 Another flight attendant claimed that “he wasn’t nervous, he was actually quite nice. He was never cruel or nasty. He was thoughtful and calm all the time….He ordered another bourbon and water, and offered to request meals for the crew once they arrived in Seattle.”6

At around 5:24, Cooper was told that his demands had been met and at 5:39, the plane landed. Cooper ordered the pilot to bring the plane to an isolated, brightly-lit section of the tarmac and for him to close all of the windows, so they could avoid police snipers. Once Cooper received his demands, he let go of all of the passengers, Schaffner, and another flight attendant off of the plane. The money that was given to Cooper all started their serial numbers with the letter L, so that when they were used, they could track the money easier.7

During refueling, Cooper told his plan to the crew in the cockpit. He wanted for them to take a course towards Mexico City at the minimum airspeed that they could go, without stalling the aircraft. The estimated speed would have to be around 100 knots, at the maximum altitude of 10,000 ft. He also specified that the landing gear remain in the takeoff/landing position, the wing flaps be lowered to 15 degrees, and the cabin remain unpressurized.8 The crew would then go on and argue that because of these flight conditions, they would need to refuel once again, this time in Reno, Nevada.

At around 7:40 p.m., the Boeing 727 took off with only five people on board.9 After takeoff, Cooper told the pilot and the rest of the crew to remain in the cockpit and stay there with the door closed. One of the flight attendants that remained on board noticed that Cooper was trying to tie something around his waist. At approximately 8:00 p.m., a warning light flashed in the cockpit, designating that the aft air stair had been activated. The crew would then offer assistance through the aircraft’s intercom system, but it was refused. The crew then noticed a major change in air pressure, indicating that the aft door was open.

Black Clip-on tie that Cooper left on the plane before jumping | Courtesy of The Seattle Times

At 8:13 p.m., the plane’s tail section sustained an upward movement, major enough to require them to reposition the aircraft back to level flight. It was at this moment that Dan Cooper made his infamous leap straight out of the plane. At around 10:15 p.m., the aft door was still deployed when the plane landed in Nevada for re-fueling. FBI agents, State Troopers, sheriff’s deputies, and the local police surrounded the plane, unaware that Cooper was no longer on board.10

Authorities later found 66 unidentified latent prints aboard the plane.11 Agents also found Cooper’s black clip-on tie, his tie clip, and two of the four parachutes. Local police and FBI agents then began questioning possible suspects. An Oregon man with the name of D.B. Cooper was one of the first to be questioned, because of his previous minor police record. The reason that he was contacted by Portland police was for the off-chance that the hijacker had used his name or an alias before. This Cooper was quickly ruled out as a suspect, but a local reporter named James Long, who had an impending deadline, confused the suspect’s name with the pseudonym used by the hijacker.12 It was because of this error that the name D.B. Cooper is now used with the hijacker.

FBI wanted poster for Cooper. | Courtesy of Wikipedia Commons

A precise for Cooper was difficult for authorities to do, because of the small differences in the estimates of the plane’s speed, or the environmental conditions along the flight path. Another important variable is the length of time that Cooper was in the air before he pulled his ripcord if he even pulled it at all. None of the Air Force pilots who were trailing the aircraft saw anything leave the plane, neither did their radars, nor did they see a parachute open at all; but at night, with limited visibility, and a man dressed in black would be nearly impossible to see.

Initial searches guessed that Cooper landed somewhere within the area of Mt. St. Helena, a few miles away from Ariel, Washington, near Lake Merwin.13 Shortly after the spring of 1972, teams of FBI agents, with the help from nearly two-hundred army soldiers, conducted an eighteen-day land search, and another eighteen days the following month. These searches did not find anything relevant to the case; however, some local women did find some skeletal remains in an abandon shack. It was later proven to be the remains of a local female teenager who had been abducted and murdered a few weeks before. Ultimately, the search—probably the most extensive, and intensive in U.S. history—uncovered no real, significant evidence related to the hijacking.

Some of the money matching the serial numbers that matched the ones given to Cooper, found washed up in 1980 in Tina Bar, Washington | Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

It would seem that Cooper had completely erased himself and the money from the face of the earth. But nine years later, there was another break in the case. In February of 1980, a child named Brian Ingram found three of the packs of the ransom money at a beach front known as Tina Bar, outside Vancouver, Washington. The bills were terribly disfigured, but the serial numbers were matched to those that were given to Cooper nine years earlier.14 The ransom money remains the only physical evidence that was found outside of the aircraft to this date.

In 2011, the FBI discovered traces of pure titanium that was found on Cooper’s tie. They explained that traces of titanium would have been much rarer to find in the 1970’s, compared to today. At the time, it could only be discovered at metal fabrication or production facilities. These findings suggested that Cooper could have been a chemist or worked somewhere in a metal or chemical manufacturing plant.

On July 8, 2016, the FBI announced that it was suspending the case, stating that they needed to focus their energy on cases of higher priority, though they would still be open to finding evidence. This concluded the forty-five-year chase for Dan or D.B. Cooper, one of the greatest unsolved mysteries in American History.

  1. Tomas A. Tizon, “D.B. Cooper – the search for skyjacker missing since 1971,San Francisco Chronicle (September 4, 2005).
  2. Richard Steven, “When D.B. Cooper Dropped From Sky: Where did the daring, mysterious skyjacker go? Twenty-five years later, the search is still on for even a trace,The Philadelphia Inquirer, (November 24, 1996).
  3. Geoffrey Gray, “Unmasking D.B. Cooper,New York Magazine, (October 21, 2007).
  4. Lynn E. Bragg, Myths and Mysteries of Washington (Guilford, Connecticut: Globe Pequot, 2005), 2.
  5. Richard Steven, “When D.B. Cooper Dropped From Sky: Where did the daring, mysterious skyjacker go? Twenty-five years later, the search is still on for even a trace,The Philadelphia Inquirer, (November 24, 1996).
  6. Tomas A. Tizon, “D.B. Cooper – the search for skyjacker missing since 1971,San Francisco Chronicle (September 4, 2005).
  7. D.B. Cooper: Help Us Solve the Enduring Mystery“, FBI, (December 31, 2007).
  8. Bryan Denson, “D.B. Cooper legend lives,Oregon Live archive, (November 24, 1996).
  9. “In Search of D.B. Cooper: New Developments in the Unsolved Case,” F.B.I. Headline Archives, (March 17, 2009).
  10. “D.B. Cooper: Help Us Solve the Enduring Mystery,” FBI, (December 31, 2007).
  11. Chris Ingalls, “Investigators: F.B.I. unveils new evidence in D.B. Cooper case,” (November 1, 2007).
  12. W. Browning, “One mystery solved in ‘D.B. Cooper’ skyjacking fiasco,” Columbia Journalism Review, (July 22, 2016): 4.
  13. David Rothenberg and Marta Ulvaeus, The New Earth Reader: The Best of Terra Nova (Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1999): 4.
  14. M. Orzano, “D.B. Cooper skyjacking: 8-year-old Washington boy first to unearth ransom notes from 1971 incident,”, (July 21, 2014).

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Recent Comments


  • Mohammed Hani Shaik

    Dan Cooper or at least as he identified himself seemed to be well versed with what he was doing. The fact that he knew so much about the terrain and the workings of the aircraft is quite confusing. However, it is still surprising how there hasn’t been an actual lead found and they only possible thing close to a lead were the washed up cash. His calm demeanor is also very unsettling.

  • Nicholas Burch

    I’ve heard short stories on youtube about D.B. Cooper so I had a pretty good idea of his calm persona, but there are some pretty great examples in this article. I thought it was interesting that he even requested meals for the crew. I find it fascinating that this case still hasn’t been solved, although it’s probably fair to say he drowned. It’s unfortunate that we will never know what happened to this man with certainty, but with the remnants of stolen money found years later, we at least know he didn’t end up with all of the money.

  • Malik Heard

    I don’t know much about D.B cooper but i do know that he was never caught.But this article helped fill me in on the case surrounding him what happened and what he did.I never knew that it was so interesting and cool to read about. This man was very careful with himself and personally I think he pulled it off but lost the money on the way when he was falling or something.I like all the crazy theory’s that surround him and what actually happened that day .

  • Vanessa Quetzeri

    This case is very interesting because the perpetrator, D.B Cooper, has never been seen again since the crime was committed. I find it odd how someone could threaten to bomb a plane full of people, but the way he did was seen as calm and polite. Additionally, he didn’t even take the money with him, it just makes me wonder what his true intentions were of hijacking that plane.

  • Saira Locke

    I can’t believe that this case is still unsolved to his day. It is very scary how Cooper even managed to get the bombs on the plane, and I am very happy that we now have extensive security to prevent something like this to ever happen again. I couldn’t even imagine being the pilot of this plane not knowing Cooper’s intentions and having in the back of your mind that this could be your last moments. I hope that one day some case breaking evidence surfaces and D.B. Cooper is put behind bars for his crimes.

  • Cristianna Tovar

    This was an exciting article that I couldn’t help but wonder what was going to happen next. The description of this mystery is very entertaining. A few insights of mine from reading this article are that: I found it off-putting that someone who was demanding lots of money and claimed to have a bomb could talk in such a “calm, polite, and well-spoken” manner, I thought it was strange that Cooper asked for the money to be only $20 bills; however, I also thought that it was incredibly smart on the authorities’ end that they made sure that all the $20 bills had serial numbers that started with L so that they would be easier to track, and the fact that Cooper specified exactly how he wanted the airplane to be demonstrates that he possibly had experience in working with planes. I hope that there is another break in the case soon and it can finally be solved.

  • Shea Slusser

    I really enjoyed the mystery in this story. I have never heard of anything like it before, and now my attention is very much grabbed and I would like to find out who this Dan Cooper was. The situation itself is very strange and abnormal, considering most hijackers normally are harsh and demanding, but he seemed calm and pleasant. I liked this article a lot and would for sure want to hear of an end result.

  • Cameron Lopez

    I remember seeing a video on this once, and I was worried that this article would of missed some key points but it did that and more. The article did a wonderful job on the information and detail. Its interesting to read about how oriented the man was, he was so committed to this crime.

  • Yazmin Garza

    I have only known about this case for a little while, but it is definitely one of my favorite unsolved cases. I love the mystery that surrounds it. Where did Dan Cooper go? Why did he request the money if he was just going to leave it in a river? Did he have an accomplice or did he do it on his own? Because of his attitude toward the air hostess, I always wondered if he was doing what he was doing by his own free will or if he was an ordinary Joe that was being forced into it by someone else. I really hope that one day this case is solved and that rest of the story is as cool as the part we already have.

  • Eric Ortega Rodriguez

    This is the first time that I hear about the disappearance of D.B. Cooper. The article does an excellent job of describing the case to the audience. It is incredible that even after forty-five years, the case has yet to be resolved. It is strange to think that the case was suspended simply due to lack of evidence and it makes one think what other cases could have been suspended because of this exact situation. Overall, this article was very well written. Good work.

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