Al Capone: The Real Life Scarface

Al Pacino in “Scarface” | Courtesy of Wikimedia commons

There are very few men who have been able to simultaneously live in public and successfully break the law, all while consistently getting away with it. One of the most notorious people to have done this was the late mob boss Al Capone. Al Capone ran an illegal operation which, adjusted for inflation, would have been worth over a billion dollars today. Apart from being very respected and feared by his rival gang members, everyday people often gave him credit for being successful against the tremendous odds he was facing, even if they didn’t always agree with his goals.1 One of these people was the director of Scarface, Brian De Palma.

Rod Steiger in Al Capone | Courtesy of Wikipedia Commons

In the first opening scene of Scarface, the camera settles on a man named Tony Montana, who is undergoing questioning by Border Patrol after having just migrated from Cuba. Originally, nothing about him really made him stand out from the other Cubans save a huge scar on the left side of his face. Throughout the course of the film, that very same un-extraordinary Cuban goes from working in a soup truck and preforming low level drug deals to ruling over his city as a Kingpin and controlling all of the drug trade within the district. Likewise, Al Capone was a famous mobster, also nicknamed Scarface, who ran an illegal mob that committed crimes consisting of gambling, providing alcohol during prohibition, and selling drugs, just to name a few.2

Capone was known for his life of crime, and although the government usually kept a keen eye on him, they never managed to officially catch him in an illegal act, so he always got away scot-free. What set Capone apart from other mobsters at the time was his unusual love for the limelight. Throughout Scarface, the audience is surprised as they observe one of the most wanted men in the nation throwing the classicmillionaire mansion party,” or taking a trip to the most luxurious club in the city to party like there weren’t people doing all they could to capture him. Just like Scarface, Capone never had any fear of being spotted and actually made himself quite noticeable whenever he would go out in public. Capone would often flaunt his wealth by taking strolls through Chicago, which was struggling through the great depression, wearing dazzling and expensive suits with his signature fedora.3 

It is no mere coincidence that the main character of Scarface, Tony Montana, is seen wearing similar outfits throughout the film. Capone was also never known to be alone and had security with him at all times when he took trips through the city, which is another fact reflected in the film by the use of a secondary character: a best friend/body guard that seems to be there for Tony whenever he finds himself in a predicament that’s too much for him to handle. Capone never saw himself as a criminal, but as a business man and entrepreneur because of his success during theroaring twenties.He enjoyed the idea of people knowing that he had money, but he was also generous with it. He helped out people who were struggling during the tough economic times whenever the opportunity was presented, and this popular generosity resulted in crowds of people flocking to him for help even if they had never previously met.4

Al Pacino in Scarface | Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Another signature trait of Capone that made him very different from the average mobster was his personality, and the film captured it perfectly. Capone wasn’t the typical dubious and suspicious crime boss, but rather, was seen as a friendly man with an extroverted personality and a kind smile. In ScarfaceTony Montana was a very likable person and people wanted to work with him because of that. He would also crack jokes at tense times, and knew how to have fun with any predicament he was in. In real life, Capone enjoyed being seen in a positive way by the public eye and would often speak with the press to ensure that stories and articles written about him were not doing anything but making him look good. His amiable nature was reflected within the mob community, too, and when Chicago began to show signs of chaos, he took matters into his own hands and called for aPeace Conferenceto help control the out-of-hand criminal activities that were sprouting up.5

Of course, Capone knew that his smile would only go so far, as he many times claimed, “You can get further with a gun and a smile than you can with just a smile.6 Capone demonstrated his friendly personality until he believed that his kindness could not help him achieve his goals, in which case he would often resort to his other known behavior: that of a coldblooded killer. This conflict of personality was a trait that Tony Montana displayed openly within the film numerous times. The screenplay is not shy at all to depict the cruel and heartless nature that Capone utilized during his time as a mob boss. He was respected for his reputation, but feared because of his bipolar personality. The boss could be friendly one second, but when his personality changed, there was no going back, and that friendly man with a smile could quickly become a ruthless killer driven only by his personal desires. There are countless scenes in Scarface where Tony Montana totally loses his temper in a split-second, just like Al Capone. This bipolar trait and the sheer unpredictability of his personality and actions were exactly what helped him rise to the top.

Al Capone At Terminal Island In California | Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Although Capone was one of the richest people in America because of his successful business and his strategies to avoid prosecution, the law eventually caught up with him. During his trial, the judge was faced with a lack of evidence for any of the many crimes, murders, and illegal activities that Capone had committed, and so the judge had no choice but to send him to prison for tax evasion. Close to the end of Scarface, we see Tony Montana enjoying his life in his extremely successful business, to the point where his problem is actually that he has too much money to account for. After getting set up by some cops, Tony is caught red handed and the audience was led to believe that he was finally going to have to pay for all of his illegal activities that he had previously committed. After Capone was sent to jail for income tax evasion, his life in crime fell apart.7

A photograph of Alcatraz Island on July 2, 2017 | Courtesy of Wikipedia commons

Due to his overwhelming popularity, he was sent to the most secure jail that the United States could provide at the time — Alcatraz. When he was finally released from prison eleven years later, he was no longer able to continue his life of crime, and the notorious gangster “Scarface” was gone. In his place stood a man who no longer took interest in crime, but turned in his criminal duties for fishing and living in his home in peace and tranquility.8 Mirroring Capone, Tony Montana had his lawyer successfully prove him innocent of all crimes that he had done save tax evasion. Immediately following Tony Montana’s conviction, his drug empire began to fall apart. His bipolar personality began to flare up more and more, partially due to his addiction with cocaine, another thing that Capone dealt with during his lifetime and especially during his rise and fall of success. This led to the character’s dramatic death, which has gone down in cinema history as one of the best epic finales of all time. Scarface ultimately died, and there is no Al Capone to left to live in peace and tranquility.

Al Capone owes a large part of his success as one of the most notorious and successful criminals of all time to his unique personality, one that allowed him to run crime in a way no one before him had ever thought of. While his Scarface persona may have died after he was released from jail, it lived on and was represented in the film Scarface, as well as through the media continuing the legacy of the world renowned criminal.

  1. “The True Story Of Scarface,” Trendchaser, November 1, 2017,
  2. “Al Capone’s tax trial and downfall,” My Al Capone Museum, January 7, 2010,
  3. Ashleen Wicklow, “Mob Mondays – Five True Mob Stories Behind Scarface,” AMC, 2015,
  4. Jim Fisher, “Al Capone Was a Nice Guy?” January 1, 1970.
  5. James P. Kirby, “Al Capone Is New York’s Contribution to Gangland,” The Times Herald, September 1928, 4.
  6. “Real Al Capone Quotes,” My Al Capone Museum, January 7, 2010,
  7. “Al Capone Biography,” Biography Online,
  8. Paul Harrison, “Al Capone to Be Released from Philadelphia’s Eastern Penitentiary after Serving 10 Month Sentence,” The Times Herald, March 1930, 1.

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60 Responses

  1. This was a very interesting article to read. I knew a little bit about Al Capone before reading this article. I think it is really crazy that he got away with so many things and that he did so many things in his lifetime. I have never personally seen the film Sacrifice but I think it would be a very interesting film to watch.

  2. Even though I’ve haven’t seen Scarface, The way the author compares Tony Montana to Al Capone. I had read about Al Capone before but just imagined him as a regular mobster, this article made me look at Al Capone in a different way. The way he was able to live this extremely luxurious life without even keeping a low profile shows the power and influence he had. Mobsters are often portrayed as tough, cold-blooded, and basically disliked by everyone, but Al Capone cared about his image and how other people looked at him, and he was liked by a lot of people. It’s crazy how someone like Al Capone which basically was one of the biggest, if not the biggest mobster of America at that time was seen as someone to admire and respect. Al Capone, like scarface, are complex people because everyone knew the businesses Al Capone was in to, still, they could only charge him with tax evasion. This article helped me understand Al Capone in a deeper, more detailed way.

  3. This article was very interesting to me. I remember going over the roaring 20’s in APUSH and I remember a brief mention of him, but I never got the full story to him. What I got from this article was that Al Capone, in my opinion, was a force to be reckoned with. I personally thought it was very surprising that Al Capone was let out of prison, even with the crimes he did. Then again there was a lack of evidence for his trial, but I still find it super surprising.

  4. This article was very exciting to read because Scarface is one of my favorite movies. It was interesting to uncover that he wasn’t your typical mobster. He was very friendly, extremely outgoing, had a great smile, yet a cold-blooded killer? This led people to say his personality was “bipolar”. What interested me the most was the fact that after all the crimes he committed, he was arrested for something so simple such as, tax evasion. I never knew the prison he went to was Alcatraz.

  5. I really enjoyed the author’s way of intertwining Al Capone’s life and his cinematic character “Tony Montana”. Personally, I have never seen Scarface, but have only heard of Al Capone as a famous criminal. While reading this article, I thought it was quite ironic that Al Capone’s bipolar disorder brought him both success and failure. It allowed him to be charismatic enough to hide his violent doings, but it is also what caused him to execute those violent crimes. Despite him only being charger for tax evasion, I found comfort in the fact that his gangster lifestyle was imprisoned with him. I can’t even begin to imagine how much more he could’ve accomplished if he hadn’t been pinned for tax fraud. Scarface would’ve probably ended very differently.

  6. This article was very fun to read, and I learned more about Al Capone, this article did a good job of covering his life, and what made him a legend. Al Capone was an interesting character he was very influential and was able to get away with anything, he had charisma and he was a likable guy, but you can only avoid the law so long before it catches up to you, and despite being able to avoid being convicted of countless other crimes, it only takes one to put you in jail, and as such Al Capone was arrested for tax evasion.

  7. This is a very neat article! I have never heard much about Al Capone’s life before this article. Although, my knowledge was null about this famous mob boss, I have seen the Scarface movie, and I think it is amazing how the movie can characterize a very much alike version of Al Capone. I really liked the comparison between this two characters.

  8. I didn’t know much about Al Capone prior to reading this article, but this article gives a nice detailed look at his life and at how the movie Scarface depicted a similar version of him. I was especially surprised when Al Capone was released from prison and wanted to change his ways. It’s also interesting how he was well-liked and friendly when he could get his way, but if it was difficult, then he would resort to killing.

  9. I’ve never sat to actually watch Scarface, but I do know of his famous scenes and quotes. I didn’t realize there was a real mobster similar to Scarface which makes me feel naive. This comparison between the two makes it a great and interesting read. It’s sad that Al Capone didn’t think of his self as a criminal because of his successful business and likability. If he could have applied his skills to a legal field of work maybe he could of came out on top in Forbes. However, his mental illness probably played a huge role in why he was in illegal business to begin with. To come out a changed man from Alcatraz… that must be a very terrifying, traumatizing place.

  10. It was interesting to read about how well known and liked he was just as if he was an ordinary citizen yet it his criminal acts were still known by others, it’s pretty crazy that he managed to get away with so much yet in the end he went down for tax evasion. I had some prior knowledge of Al Capone yet not as much as what I’ve read from this article which was a pretty good summary of his life in my opinion.

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