StMU Research Scholars

The Massacre at Columbine: How Boys Can Become Murderers

Winner of the Spring 2018 StMU History Media Award for

Best Article in the Category of “United States History”

Best Descriptive Article

It was April 20, 1999 in Littleton Colorado. Seventeen-year-old Eric Harris and his eighteen-year-old friend Dylan Klebold both drove separately on a Tuesday morning to play a couple of frames of bowling before heading off to school. Before departing in their black trench coats, the teens stuffed their backpacks and two duffle bags into the trunk of their cars. When they arrived at their school campus later that morning, the two adolescents proceeded into the school, carrying the duffel bags, which contained two propane bombs.1 They kept the bombs inside the duffel bags and carried them into the cafeteria, setting up the bombs throughout the room, where they were rigged to detonate at precisely 11:17 AM. After setting up the bombs, Eric and Dylan then proceeded back to the school parking lot, where they waited for the bombs to explode. The boys had grave intentions on that day. Their intentions were to shoot up their high school, resulting in the most destructive school shooting to ever occur in the United States at the time. Their high school is known as Columbine, the most famous high school in America, for the wrong reasons.2

Parking Lot of Columbine High School | Courtesy of Flickr

In January 1998, about a year before this horrific event unfolded, best friends Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold were suddenly surrounded by an aggressive and terrifying group of football players in the school cafeteria. The players proceeded to squirt ketchup packets at the two friends. Unable to fight back against the dominant jocks, Eric and Dylan were forced to wear their ketchup-stained clothes all day until they were able to go home from school. Around the cafeteria at Columbine, there were different classes of tables: the athletes had their table, and the weaker, outcast students had their table as well. While walking over to their table to sit at lunch, the athletes often threw skittles at Eric and Dylan and their outcast friends. While sitting at a lunch table with their few friends, the jocks kicked Eric and Dylan’s chairs, knocked their food trays down, and lunged food at them in the cafeteria. Bullying was not only a common occurrence to Eric and Dylan, but it also occurred to other students as well. Weaker students were shoved into lockers, called vile names, and also body slammed. They were the targets of the predators of the school. Everyone in the school, including Eric and Dylan, were afraid of the intimidating jocks, and for good reason. They were members of the trench coat mafia, which was a group that the two teens belonged to, which consisted of pro-Nazi outcasts, such as Eric and Dylan, and who also held a strong hatred for Christians. Their other trench coat mafia friends were able to shrug off the constant bullying. However, the same cannot be said about Eric and Dylan. The two friends took it in and absorbed it all, and their anger grew.3

As a result of the relentless harassment throughout Columbine, before going on a school-wide mass shooting spree, Eric Harris decided to dose on cough syrup, which he said, “is the best thing after a hard day of being called ‘gay’ by a schoolyard full of fashionable jocks and cheerleaders.”4 The two boys were outcasts of their school and members of this trench coat mafia subculture. At lunch for weeks, Eric and Dylan fantasized about blowing up the school, but because being harassed at Columbine was so common for outcast students, it was not unusual for students to speak of such outlandish events. So, when Eric and Dylan said this, other students did not believe they were serious; however, the intentions of the two teens were indeed grim and were not to be underestimated.5

The constant hatred towards his peers caused Eric to devise the plan of the shooting of his high school. Eric did most of the planning, while Dylan followed his lead and did what he said. Eric went into the cafeteria and observed when it was the most populated. He discovered that there were around 488 people inside the cafeteria at 11:17 a.m. Since this was the most populated time, they planned to bring two black duffel bags, each containing a propane tank that they would rig to explode at 11:17 a.m. In addition, they bought weapons, made bombs, and hid them in their trench coats and in the trunks of their cars. They carefully planned the terrible act for over a year prior to the shooting.6

After months and months of constant planning, Eric and Dylan were ready to put their diabolical plan into action. On April 20, 1999, around 11:20 AM, after placing the bombs in the cafeteria, Eric and Dylan were most likely bored of waiting in the parking lot for the bombs to explode. After the bombs failed to detonate around that time, the two adolescents began the destruction of their high school. They unzipped their trench coats, pulled out their guns, and opened fire in the parking lot of Columbine.7

Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons
Image of Rachel Scott, Christian Victim of Columbine | Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons

Outside of the school building on campus, seventeen-year-old Rachel Scott was eating lunch with her friend Richard Castaldo. Eric and Dylan came up to Rachel and Richard. The two shooters shot Richard multiple times in almost every part of his body, including his lungs. Then, they shot Rachel several times, hitting her thigh, left arm, and chest. They then turned their guns towards other fleeing students, shooting them as well. Rachel Scott laid on the ground, crying. Rachel, like many other victims of the shooting, was a Christian, which was the religion that the two pro-Nazi shooters despised. Eric went up to the poor and helpless Christian, and asked, “Do you believe in God?” Rachel said yes, and in response Eric said, “Then go be with Him,” and he shot her once again killing her.8 Rachel Scott died a martyr on that horrific day for her faith. Eric and Dylan resumed their carnage by entering into the school building itself. They went into the cafeteria, where most of the students had evacuated. While searching for students, the shooters began throwing bombs. Eric and Dylan then headed upstairs in the building. Coach Dave Sanders decided to stay back in the school to aid students, when Eric and Dylan ran into him. They shot Sanders in the back while he was fleeing, killing him instantly. After combing through the cafeteria, the shooters entered the library of Columbine, the deadliest room of the shooting. They began the bloodshed in the library by shooting behind the librarian’s desk. While in the commons, Eric and Dylan were taunting the students, yelling at them and cursing. They shouted at the horrified teens yelling, “All the jocks stand up!” They also targeted students who were wearing sports apparel. Isaiah Shoels was in the library on that nightmarish day. Isaiah was a football player at the school, which was not a good position to be in on April 20, 1999 at Columbine. Due to his African-American race, Eric and Dylan yelled racial slurs at Isaiah, and then they shot him. Unfortunately, there was more blood to be spilled. Eric then made his way towards Cassie Bernall, another Christian at Columbine, and asked her, “Do you believe in God”? Once again, just like Rachel Scott, Cassie firmly responded “yes,” and then they killed her. Just like Rachel Scott, Cassie Bernall became a martyr at the hands of Eric Harris while professing her faith. They did the same Christian interrogation to Val Schnurr, who admitted her faith and was killed for it. The outraged gunmen exited the commons, leaving ten students in the library shot in cold blood, and many others injured.9

Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold on a hunt in the cafeteria | Courtesy of Flickr’s The Commons

While roaming the school, the campus was being surrounded by police, ambulances, and even the National Guard. They knew they were not leaving that building alive. After deciding that there was nowhere else to run, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold returned to the library, where they shot themselves in the head, putting an end to the bloody massacre of Columbine High School.10

The suicide of Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold may have seemed like a definite conclusion to the horrific shooting for some; however, for others, it was only just the beginning. Many families of those slaughtered victims at Columbine could not even begin to comprehend the weight of the situation. Many parents, whose sons or daughters became victims of the shooting, feared for their own marriages, let alone their mental status. One mother of one of the injured victims of the shooting committed suicide years later, due to her daughter being paralyzed and forced into a wheelchair for the rest of her life.11 However, despite the catastrophes of the families, to Eric and Dylan, this was a major success. They planned everything from entering the building, all the way to their own deaths. Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold were constantly harassed both physically and verbally to the point where they could no longer absorb any more humiliation and mistreatment from their peers. The constant bullying that the adolescents endured resulted in them dealing with severe depression disorders that few people were aware of. Even Dylan’s own parents were unaware of his suicidal behavior and of his ongoing depression at Columbine. Several arguments can be made about the cause of Columbine and what was truly going on inside the teens’ heads. Many claim the cause of the shooting was bullying, while others claim the shooting to be caused by the influence of violent video games, like “Doom,” and goth music artists, like Marilyn Manson. Whatever the true intentions of Eric and Dylan were, we will never seem to understand entirely. However, one point can be made about the disastrous shooting of Columbine on that horrid day. Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold had a specific goal: to exact revenge on the students of Columbine High School.

  1. UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History, 2009, s.v. “Columbine High School Shooting,” by Sonia Benson.
  2. American Decades, 2004, s.v. “Analysis: What the Two Young Colorado Gunmen Were Really Like,” by Cynthia Rose.
  3. Perspectives on Modern World History, 2012, s.v. “Columbine High School Had a Serious Bullying Problem,” by Ralph W. Larkin.
  4. Perspectives on Modern World History, 2012, s.v. “Columbine High School Had a Serious Bullying Problem,” by Ralph W. Larkin.
  5. Ralph W. Larkin, Comprehending Columbine (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2007), 131.
  6. Ralph W. Larkin, Comprehending Columbine (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2007), 131.
  7.  Wendy Murray Zoba, “Do you Believe in God?” Christianity Today, October 1999.
  8. Life Focus, “Rachel Scott Life Focus Documentary”, 12:45-13:24, February 15 2016,
  9. Wendy Murray Zoba, “Do you Believe in God?” Christianity Today, October 1999.
  10. Wendy Murray Zoba, “Do you Believe in God?” Christianity Today, October 1999.
  11. US News and World Report, “Columbine Shooting: 10 Years Later,” 0:00-3:39, April 19, 2009,

230 Responses

  1. Very well written. Still can’t believe that stuff like this goes on in our lives. I think you did a great job at describing and giving some insight into what happened on April 20th. I’m sure there was a lot of info that wasn’t listed but I think you did a good job at not just paying attention to what happened in the moment but what lead to it. How the 2 boys were feeling, and what they were going through at the time. Bullying and hazing is never okay and as sad as it may sound it properly will never go away, but I think we need really learn from how negative actions can cause even worse actions to occur. The fact that we have to think about or prepare ourselves for situations like this to happen is so sad.

  2. Great piece of work- Although, Columbine was not the first school shooting to happen, it is the first one that not only swept the sorrows of the people affecting globally. I still remember the first one, I ever heard about and that was Sandy Hook Elementary. I was still a young kid at the time in Elementary. I remember thinking the what if it was my school instead. Tragedy such of these makes us remember that, there is no excuse to our past because everything adds up very quickly and makes it realistic to everything around us. May those who died on that day be forever remembered.

  3. Very well-written article and very much captures the true story of what happened on that tragic day. It had more information that most people don’t know about like how Dylan and Eric were asking people about their faith. They were two teenagers seeking revenge after being put down for so long and this article really captures that. You can picture the bullying and the violent words that were said to them that drove them into killers. Overall it was a great article!

  4. Having heard and learned the story of the Columbine shooting since elementary school this article had not provided much new information to me, but I do like how the article went into more detail about the possible cause of the shooting. Bullying was a major factor in my opinion, it had caused depression and they were not being helped and most likely felt trapped. There is no excuse for this either way but I do hope people continue to learn from this moment in history and notice the signs and take bullying seriously.

  5. This article was very well written. It’s so truly sad how many innocent people lost their lives due to their faith. I knew that they were getting bullied by jocks and the shooting was a form of revenge but I did not know that they were killing people for being Christian and believing in God. By reading your article I could feel the terror that these kids were put through. Vey descriptive and informative article.

  6. It is sad that people lost their lives just because these kids didn’t think rationally to get help, and no one noticed any red flags about their plan. Eric and Dylan had made home videos documenting their plan and in one of those videos in Eric’s room there were bombs, guns, and ammunition. If his parents had looked in his room and dug around, they would have found those items and could have prevented the massacre. Although people lost their lives that day it could have been worse since they relied on those propane bombs to go off so that they could pick off people as they left the lunchroom in confusion. After that who knows what they would have done.

  7. First of all, congratulations on your award for your article. This article was very well written and very informative. School shootings are sadly occurring a lot more than they should be, although, this shooting was very big and sad. Reading this, I learned a lot. I knew about the Columbine High School shooting but I did not know they had bombs set up in the cafeteria. I also did not know that they were both best friends and they were surrounded by football players in the cafeteria a year before. This article has such a strong voice and very good facts.

  8. I was 10 years old when the Columbine High School massacre occurred. I still remember the news stations playing footage from the high school parking lot. In the article, you mention that it was the deadliest school shooting at the time. In 1999, America was blindsided by this horrendous act. Now, school shootings are sadly a regular occurrence. The news stations show us images from the shootings, we have a brief discussion about mental health, there are debates about guns, prayers are offered and then, because no solution is ever found, it happens again. It is interesting that you mention the fact that Eric was obviously the leader of the pair. Dylan was a follower. It makes you wonder how differently his life would have been had he chosen a different friend. I had the chance to interview his mother, Sue Klebold when she was in Uvalde for a mental health awareness event. She is a sweet woman with many regrets, one being not taking an active enough role in her son’s teenage life.

  9. The author did a phenomenal job of describing the emotion and terror behind the carnage of Columbine. As a reader, I felt bad for the treatment the boys received, but I could not understand how that led them to kill and hurt so many innocent people. The author utilized the pain the boys’ went through to depict them as more than just murderers but as humans while never excusing them for the pain and devastation they caused.

  10. This article was such a well written one. The emotion you get from trying to reading is very realistic. It is so terrible what happened to the lives of the kids lost during this terrible massacre. There’s no excuse for what happened but these two boys needed their families and their families never understood their depression. But to take lives of so many people for something that could have been helped. I did not know that one of the reasons for the shootings was religion. I had some sense that it was because of that but that is terrible. To give such a bad name to religion. This was a well written article. Kudos for being able to tell the story of such a tragedy so well.

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